Have you ever woken up in the middle of the night because of the itch? Have you ever woken up the next day with your body full of bug bites? If you had, you are in the right place. You’ve been another victim of bed bug bites and let us tell you a little bit of what this is all about.
The bed bug is a small brown-coloured, flattened bug that feeds out of animal blood. The adult bed bugs are about half a 5 mm long and they are sometimes confused with ticks or cockroaches. At their immature stages, they are called nymphs, and different to the adults, nymphs are smaller and have a brighter brown. Although they can’t fly, bed bugs move very quickly on the floor, walls, ceiling or other surfaces.
Female bed bugs lay eggs aside hidden areas, depositing up to 10 to 12 eggs a day and throughout life. Eggs are very small, whitish and hard to see, imagine they are about 1mm long. After hatching, the nymphs are not bigger than a pinhead. Nymphs can survive for months without feeding and adults for more than a year. That’s why it’s unlikely to the infestation to decrease if the house or mattress is empty. But now that we know what they are, from where did it come from?
Read More: Bugs that look alike Bed bugs
Most patients whose bites are treated with corticosteroids to try to reduce the itching and burning do not experience significant improvements in symptoms. Antihistamines reduce itching in some cases, but not affect the appearance and duration of injuries produced by bites.
Goodnight sleep tight don’t let the bed bugs bite. If they do hit them with your shoe until they are black and blue.
Bed Bug Bites
Bed bugs mostly bite during the night while are people asleep. Symptoms may vary according to the person. Many people have localized swelling or itchy red welts, which sometimes appear days after the bed bugs bites. Bed bugs will bite any exposed skin while sleeping, which may be the face, neck, arms, hands, shoulders, etc. Acquiring furnishings or maybe travelling before having this kind of itch may increase the chances of getting bed bugs, this is due to the fact that a bed bug might be got caught up on your clothes in a hotel or was hatching on that furniture you just bought. Now, you might be concerning if bed bug bites transmit diseases and although they could carry some diseases it’s unlikely they can be transmitted when they bite humans. However, you can excessively be scratching the bites may lead to infections. Also, your doctor may recommend a topical cream or an antihistamine cream to relieve from any burning or itching sensation.
But in some cases, the application of corticosteroids such as hydrocortisone appears to reduce injuries from bites and reduce them.
Several patients also see a decrease in the itching and inflammation with the application of hot water in the area of the sting.
The water should be around 50 ° C as if it is not hot enough can aggravate symptoms. Nor should it overheat the water as it can cause burns. You can also apply warm water with a cloth, you can even warm the area with a hairdryer. There is disagreement over what causes the symptoms subside by heat.
Some theories say that the heat saturates the nerves that transmit the itch and do not transmit signals to the brain, other than the heat degrading the chemicals that cause inflammation, and others that the heat triggers a large release of histamine which then causes a shortfall of this substance in the heated area.
Bed bugs are tiny insects but cause big problems to many. It doesn’t only take away the comfort, but it also gives pain to anyone bitten. Bed bug bites don’t typically itch, but if it does itch, the itch becomes unbearable that you scratch it until it results to wounds.
Bed bug bites look like rashes or small red bumps. Unlike mosquito bites, bed bug bites come in numbers and are usually aligned to each other or have a pattern. No particular dangerous diseases are associated with bed bug bites, so there’s nothing much to worry about.
Bed Bug Bites vs Mosquito Bites
The difference between the two is hard to tell. It looks almost the same. The best way to find its difference is to look at them closely. Bed bug bites often cause small lumps while mosquito bites are flat like pimples. Mosquito bites are easy to learn because its symptoms vanish in a short period of time. Bed bug bites’ symptoms don’t show up after a few days of exposure. Mosquito bites are commonly isolated while bed bug bites come in clusters.
How Do I Know If I Have Bed Bugs?
Bed bug bites are the best way to know if you are having any colonies around. Due to the fact that bed bugs hide in many small places, treatments and inspections are known to be very hard. That’s why the inspection should start! The first thing you have to check is your mattress, they are more likely to live inside there or around it, make sure you check all the seams and cracks of it, of course, don’t forget about the mattress support, remember bed bugs can live in almost any crack or crevice so don’t forget to check them as well. Once you finished around that area start with all surrounding your bed, chairs, sofas, couches, especially the ones you also use for sleeping. Now, the walls, behind pictures, footage power, under loose pieces and clothing stored in the closet.
How Did They Get Here?
Due to the fact that bed bugs are small and really flat, they can hide at any place they fit, even small cracks and they easily move from one place to another. They can easily get into your clothing, bedsheets, mattresses, furniture and even attachi case but the most common places for them to hide are the mattress seams, carpets, furniture and floor cracks. That’s why you should always have precaution when being on buses, trains, shelters, hotels and even if you just rented a place and you are moving in.
Do I Have To Get Rid Of My Bed?
As you can not treat the bed with insecticides, and there are often holes or tears in the mattress, bed bugs can be within the bed. In most of the cases, pest control professionals advise people dealing with bed bugs to get rid of the bed, but is that the only chance we have? Well, not really, there’s another cheap and successful way to say goodbye to these little blood-sucking insects, the plastic bags or encasements.
You can just simply buy one and apply it to the mattress, you can get them at any bedding store. This way, the product will seal the mattress and it won’t let the bed bugs come out from it. This means they will die over time, just think about it, having no chance to get out, they won’t be able to feed themselves, so they will die. Don’t forget they can live as long as 12 months without a single drop of blood, also nymphs can survive about 2 months as well.
So now you know, if you are having this problem but don’t want to get rid of your mattress, just buy a plastic case and let them die inside.
Treatment By Bed Bug Pest Professionals
The treatment process inspection and effective treatment can last hours, and often need to call a professional in pest control more than once so they can keep monitoring of the situation. The first thing you have to do is removing all your belongings from around the bed or the infected area, they may be a place to hide for the bed bugs. Then, you should wash all your clothing, blankets, sheets, covers and pretty much every clothing related to the bed under hot water, remember the water has to be at least 50º Celsius. Why washing them? Because these items can not be treated with insecticides. If you have any items which can’t be washed, just put them in a hot dryer, the heat will kill the bed bugs as well. It is recommended to leave this at least 30 minutes to make sure nothing will come out alive.
Although the measures we mention before are useful, insecticides are a really important factor and their job is huge in all this. The will become crucial when killing and eliminating the bed bugs. Professional pests control will start using a variety of insecticides such as sprays, powders and aerosol products. If you ever tried using the same insecticides you use with ants or cockroaches you must have realized that they are pretty much useless when it comes to killing bed bugs.
The insecticide application should include all areas where bed bugs seem to be living such as the mattress and the mattress support. If you ever see dark spots on your mattress is because of the excrement of the bed bug, but it will be a nice hint on where they are moving, that should help you discover them. Sometimes the help of professionals is needed, not every single time, but it will give you a hand if you are fighting against a big infestation. Otherwise, you can find insecticides in any supermarket or store, but they may not be as much as effective.